Mango is part and parcel of the
culture heritage of India. No other tree has
received so much attention in our religion than
the mango. The mango is referred to in the Apastamba
Dharma Sutra and other sacred literature of
the Hindus. Kautilya, the author of the Arthashastra,
Vatsyayana, the author of the Kamasutra have
described the socio-cultural importance of mango.
The Ramayana of Valmiki and Tulsi Das and the
Mahabharata of Vyasa have made many details
of mango and its importance. The Matsya, Vayu
and other purans have referred to Kalamra, a
black mango, the drinking of the juice of which
made people immortal.
Ellora cave temples contains the finest
examples of Hindus sculpture from seventh
to ninth centuries. In cave 21 in seventh
century AD, another Vrikshaka stands under
a fruiting mango tree. In cave 33 in 750-850
AD, there is an image of Indrani, the wife
of Indra seated on lion under a mango tree
laden with fruits.
900-1200 A.D, the cult of trees dominates
the sculpture of the Bharhut , Sanchi &
Krishna Mathura with the evolution and development
of the Buddha Image during the Gupta Dynasty.
The trees were relegated to the background.
The sculptors of the mediaeval period were
observed with the beauty of female form.
The classical woman and tree pose was most
Lakshmana temple of Khajuraho (C-1000 AD),
there is a charming bracket figure of a
woman under a mango tree. In the Hoyleshwara
temple built in the thirteenth century at
halebid in Mysore, the Govardhan mountain
which Krishna supported on his finger tips
is covered with a forest of mangoes and
Famous poet Kalidas described mango flowering
as soul of spring. The Mango produces its first
flush in early spring and the poet at that time
had written in Ritusamharam:
The mango tress are
a blaze of colour,
The new foliage flecked with copery sheen,
And their bursting blossoms,
Singing as they list in the breeze,
Dazzle the minds of maids,
And they catch their breath
With golden new excitement.