Cultural Heritage    


Mango is part and parcel of the culture heritage of India. No other tree has received so much attention in our religion than the mango. The mango is referred to in the Apastamba Dharma Sutra and other sacred literature of the Hindus. Kautilya, the author of the Arthashastra, Vatsyayana, the author of the Kamasutra have described the socio-cultural importance of mango. The Ramayana of Valmiki and Tulsi Das and the Mahabharata of Vyasa have made many details of mango and its importance. The Matsya, Vayu and other purans have referred to Kalamra, a black mango, the drinking of the juice of which made people immortal.

The Ellora cave temples contains the finest examples of Hindus sculpture from seventh to ninth centuries. In cave 21 in seventh century AD, another Vrikshaka stands under a fruiting mango tree. In cave 33 in 750-850 AD, there is an image of Indrani, the wife of Indra seated on lion under a mango tree laden with fruits.
During 900-1200 A.D, the cult of trees dominates the sculpture of the Bharhut , Sanchi & Krishna Mathura with the evolution and development of the Buddha Image during the Gupta Dynasty. The trees were relegated to the background. The sculptors of the mediaeval period were observed with the beauty of female form. The classical woman and tree pose was most enchanting device
In Lakshmana temple of Khajuraho (C-1000 AD), there is a charming bracket figure of a woman under a mango tree. In the Hoyleshwara temple built in the thirteenth century at halebid in Mysore, the Govardhan mountain which Krishna supported on his finger tips is covered with a forest of mangoes and plantation.

Famous poet Kalidas described mango flowering as soul of spring. The Mango produces its first flush in early spring and the poet at that time had written in Ritusamharam:

The mango tress are a blaze of colour,
The new foliage flecked with copery sheen,
And their bursting blossoms,
Singing as they list in the breeze,
Dazzle the minds of maids,
And they catch their breath
With golden new excitement.

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